A backlash against foreigners in the Central African Republic threatens to disrupt the peace process in one of the world's poorest countries, according to the United Nations. This week's torrential rains have caused the worst flooding in more than two decades in Bangui, leaving tens of thousands homeless and tens of thousands of people still recovering from years of conflict in the city of a million people. The Central African Republic (CAR) has been hit by severe flooding over the last two decades, which has destroyed more than 10,000 homes and affected an estimated 100,000 people across the country.
Chad has withdrawn its entire contingent of 850 troops from the Central African Republic, and 580,000 more are on the run in the Central African Republic, according to the UN. More than 600,000 Central Africans remain in exile in poorly funded refugee camps in the capital Bangui, while 580,000 more have been displaced within the Central African Republic.
On 19 December 2013, General Martin Tumenta Chomu from Cameroon began sending his troops to the Central African Republic, supported by the United Nations.
The present Central African Republic was united with Chad as a colony of Ubangi-Shari in 1905, but gained autonomy after independence from France in 1960. On 14 August 1960, the National Assembly elected Jean-Pierre Guevara ("Pour la liberation") as President. Du Peuple Centrafricain (MLPC) won 11 seats in the National Assembly. The Central African Republic formally gained independence from France on 13 August 1961 and from the United Nations on 1 July 1962.
The team visited the capital Bangui, the capital Kinshasa and other cities in the region.
The response to the crisis is gaining momentum and the UN currently has a special political mission in the Central African Republic, the Integrated Security Council Mission in Bangui. The UN has also had a long presence in the country and operates under the mandate of the Security Council. On 25 September 2007, the UN Security Council adopted a mandate, in accordance with the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) and other international humanitarian and human rights principles, to protect UN personnel, facilitate the delivery of humanitarian aid, protect civilians, support the disarmament and demobilisation process and support peacekeeping operations in Chad, Cameroon, Gabon, Burkina Faso, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, South Sudan and South Africa, and to support humanitarian and political activities in Cameroon, and in particular in Chad. On 27 September 2008, the UN Security Council established a special United Nations political mission in Chad on behalf of UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, while the EU was also authorised by the US and the EU to deploy a peacekeeping force in both Chad and the Central African Republic.
The EUTM, which consists of 170 military personnel from 11 countries, provides military training and support to the armed forces of the Central African Republic, as well as humanitarian aid and humanitarian assistance. On 22 November 2013, retired Major General Jean-Pierre Guevara, former head of the UN Security Council mission in Chad, was appointed Special Representative for the Central African Republic, and on 15 December 2014, the former UN Special Rapporteur on Human Rights in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) was appointed Special Representative for the United Nations in Bangui. The International Security and Support Force (ISAF), which is made up of 12 countries led by the European Union (EU), the United States (US) and the United Kingdom (UK), has been deployed in Central Africa since the end of 2012.
On 15 August 2015, Ban Ki Moon appointed Parfait Onanga - Anyanga from Gabon as Special Representative for the Central African Republic in Bangui and on 7 January 2016 he was appointed Special Secretary General - Secretary General of the United Nations for Central Africa by Ban Ki Moon.
On 16 July 2001, UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan appointed Lamine Cisse of Senegal as Special Representative for the Central African Republic in Bangui, and Ban Ki-moon appointed Babacar Gaye of Senegal as Secretary-General for Central Africa on 14 July 2014.
Former President David Dacko returned to power and changed the name of the country to the Central African Republic. Seleka rebel leader Michel Djotodia suspended the constitution and declared himself president of the Central African Republic on 25 March 2013. On 18 April 2013, he was recognised by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and the International Criminal Court (ICC).
The Demobilisation, Reintegration and Readmission Agreement, brokered by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and the International Criminal Court (ICC), was signed on 10 May 2015. A Libyan-brokered ceasefire agreement between the Central African Republic and Libya, led by Abdoulaye Miskine, is signed in Sirte, Libya, on 2 February 2007.
The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and the International Criminal Court (ICC) are guarantors of the agreement, with the UN peacekeeping force (MINUSCA) playing a crucial supporting role in the background. The project aims to support the Government of the Central African Republic in strengthening its capacity to combat trafficking in human beings and other forms of exploitation. Although the situation in the most populous country in Central Africa remains unstable, the IRC is seeking to continue its support for the communities most affected by the crisis and conflict.